David F. Lafuente Rincón, Fernando Hernández Terán, Norma M. De la Fuente-Salcido*
Posgrado en Ingeniería Bioquímica. Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila. Blvd. Torreón-Matamoros, Km. 7.5, Ciudad Universitaria, Torreón, Coahuila.
Strawberry is a very important agricultural product in the generation of foreign exchange in Mexico, considered the fourth largest producer worldwide country. However, strawberry crops are highly susceptible to infectious diseases as the «secadera». The cause has been associated with some fungal organisms within the protruding some species of Fusarium, Verticillium dahliae, Rhizoctonia solani and Phytophthora sp. This highlights the importance of the timely identification of pathogens involved in strawberry production using modern methods of molecular biology, which will determine the biological risk involved and the most efficient methods to eradicate them. Additionally are found diseases caused by bacteria and some pests like the budworm, the bollworm, two-spotted spider and grubs that directly affect the structures of the plant including the fruit. The chemicals agents are widely used in the combat against common pathogenic fungi in strawberry crops, but currently, natural biocontrol products are tested, like bioinsecticides, bacteriocins, microbial fungicides and plant extracts, for their abundance in nature, its easy to obtain, its safety for the environment and they do not pose a health risk to consumers.