Pigments production by Monascus spp. in solid medium using agroindustrial waste


María Elena Velázquez Arellano1*, Juan Roberto Benavente Valdés1, Jesús Antonio Morlett Chávez1, Cristóbal Noé Aguilar González1

Departamento de Investigación en Alimentos, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila.


In this review the main factors affecting pigment production by Monascus in solid medium are described, as well as the different agro-industrial waste used and those potential regional wastes in Mexico that can be exploited in the production of pigments. The pigments produced by the fungus Monascus have shown potential application in food,
textile, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. Pigment production by Monascus has been carried out mainly in solid-state fermentation, for which the use of agro-industrial waste as a source of substrate is a real alternative that increases the economic feasibility of the process with low-impact environmental. The factors of temperature, pH, humidity and particle size were identied as the most inuential factors in pigment production and the regional agro-industrial waste of corn, rice and Aloe vera the substrates with higher yield.