Influence of graphene-based compounds on the mechanical toughness and thermal stability of polypropylene

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ABSTRACT: A study of the improvement of the mechanical and thermal properties of nanocomposites prepared with polypropylene (PP) and different graphene samples [graphene oxide (GO), reduced GO (RGO), and commercial  graphene (G)] is presented. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterization were  applied to the graphene samples. The nanocomposites were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, XRD,  differential scanning calorimetry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), tensile, and impact resistance tests.  PP/RGO nanocomposites showed significant improvement in mechanical and thermal properties. Sample PP/RGO- 0.75 resulted in an increment in Young’s modulus (51%), tensile strength (24%), and elongation at break (15%). This  is attributed to a good dispersion state, a higher crystallinity percentage, and a good interfacial adhesion between PP  and RGO. Sample PP/RGO-0.50 exhibited an increase of 197oC in the temperature at which a loss in weight of 5%  occurred, compared to that for pure PP. The height of stacked layers calculated by XRD measurements was similar to the value observed by TEM. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2020, 137, 48258.

KEYWORDS: graphene and fullerenes; mechanical properties; nanotubes; structure–property relationships; thermal properties

 

Influence of graphene-based compounds on the mechanical toughness and thermal stability of polypropylene


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